It is to be recalled that the Parties to the two and a half year-old conflict in South Sudan agreed to a peaceful settlement of their differences after the long-drawn out IGAD-led process of mediation and negotiation that culminated in the establishment of a Transitional Government of National Unity. It was hoped that this process, midwifed by IGAD and its partners in the international community, including the African Union, would bring lasting peace and stability to the people of South Sudan. It is deeply unfortunate that barely four months after the return of the SPLM-IO leader to assume his agreed position in government, it appears that hostilities have erupted once again threatening the sustainability of the peace agreement to which all sides have pledged their full commitment.

Addis Ababa, 27 August 2015: We the IGAD Special Envoys for the Republic of South Sudan congratulate H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan; Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Chairman of SPLM/A-IO, the SPLM Leaders (FDs) and other Stakeholders including the Adherents for signing the Agreement for Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic South Sudan.

Today, Representatives of the United States, the Kingdom of Norway, The United Kingdom, Italy (on behalf of the IGAD Partners Forum), the European Union, and the United Nations signed, as Witnesses, the AGREEMENT ON THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT IN THE REPUBLIC
OF SOUTH SUDAN.

The Representatives welcomed the signing of the Agreement by the SPLM/SPLA-IO, Former Detainees and the Other Stakeholders, and called on the Government to sign the Agreement as well. They emphasized the urgency of achieving peace for the people of South Sudan, and expressed their readiness to assist the Parties in implementing the Agreement.

NEGOTIATED AND REVISED VERSION OF THE FINAL PEACE AGREEMENT ON THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT IN THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN. THIS AGREEMENT HAS BEEN SIGNED ON 17th AUGUST 2015, IN ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA BY:


- DR. RIEK MACHAR TENY, CHAIRMAN OF THE ARMED OPPOSITION;

- HON. PAGAN AMUM OKIECH, REPRESENTING THE FORMER DETAINEES;


OTHER SOUTH SUDANESE STAKEHOLDERS. THE GOVERNMENT IS EXPECTED TO SIGN ON THE AGREEMENT IT WITHIN 15 DAYS.

Please download the attached [PDF]

Attachments:
Download this file (Press Statement - Aug 15, 2015.pdf)Press Statement - Aug 15, 2015.pdf[ ]125 kB

Addis Ababa, August 7, 2015: The members of IGAD PLUS express their collective commitment to the inclusivity of the South Sudan peace process. In this regard, we express our concern that invited representatives of South Sudanese political parties have reportedly been prevented from traveling to Addis Ababa to participate in the IGAD PLUS peace process, which resumed yesterday. We call on the Government of South Sudan to immediately allow these and all invited representatives to travel and participate fully. We appreciate their cooperation in this regard.

Members of IGAD PLUS

Representatives of IGAD (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda)

Representatives of AU 5 (Algeria, Chad, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa)

The African Union Commission

The People’s Republic of China

The European Union

The Co-Chair of IGAD Partners Forum 

The Kingdom of Norway

United Kingdom

United States of America

The United Nations

======
For further information, please contact:

Mr. Hailemichael Gebreselasie | Communications Officer | Office of the IGAD Special Envoys for South Sudan E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. | Tel: +251.924.909.948

For updates, please visit http://southsudan.igad.int 

 

Attachments:
Download this file (080715_EnvoysOpenningStatement.pdf)080715_EnvoysOpenningStatement.pdf[ ]174 kB

8 July 2015, Addis Ababa: The IGAD Special Envoys for South Sudan would like to wish the people of South Sudan a happy anniversary on the 4th Independence Day of their beloved country, the Republic of South Sudan.

This day, 9th July, means a lot for the people of South Sudan since it is the day that their country was born and joined the community of nations. For every nation, independence anniversary is a time to celebrate freedom, take stock of the present, and project the hope and aspiration of the people for the future.

Unfortunately, for the people of the Republic of South Sudan, they are forced to celebrate their independence anniversary amidst a protracted conflict that dashed the gains of the country’s independence for the last 18 months. This senseless war, has shattered their recovering economy, resulted in the loss of thousands of innocent lives, displaced over a million and left many more at the risk of war-induced hunger. Staggering accounts of atrocities from the conflict areas indicate that the war in South Sudan has reached a new level, whose intensity is threatening to tear the new nation apart and careen it on a trajectory to further destruction and misery.

We—the brothers and sisters, neighbors, and friends of the people of South Sudan— have never lost sight of the grief and despair of the people of South Sudan. Yet, even when we are committed to help end the carnage and close the chapter of their suffering in South Sudan, we remain alarmed about the continuation of the killings of more innocent civilians because the warring Parties failed to adhere to their several commitments.

On this day of their independence, we urge the leaders of South Sudan to evaluate the past 18 months and demonstrate leadership by making the difficult choices necessary to return the country to peace. Peace is NOT out of their reach and the people deserve better on this momentous day. We, on behalf of the IGAD-Plus Mediation, therefore, strongly urge the leaders to take the peaceful route over violence, and demonstrate to the people of South Sudan and the world, that they are not only heroes of liberation, but also heroes to lead the people of South Sudan to peace and harmony, rather than division, mayhem and devastation. The leaders stay in power for any day should only give them a meaning if they can lead the people of South Sudan towards lasting peace, good governance and prosperity.

As we are about to finalize a negotiated peace deal, the people of South Sudan and the entire world are expecting the political leaders of South Sudan to make the right choices; silence the guns and expeditiously sign the Peace Agreement. Continued defiance, disregard for the appeal of the people of South Sudan, the region and the entire world shall no more be left without consequences: everyone’s patience is running out.

At this critical juncture, we, the Special Envoys of IGAD, also call upon the region, members of the IGAD-Plus Mediation, and the international community to stand in unison towards the conclusion of peace negotiations and also embark on assisting South Sudan in post-conflict recovery, rehabilitation and development. ## End

16 May 2015, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia- According to preliminary reports filed by the IGAD Monitoring and Verification Team-MVT on ground, fighting has been going on in Malakal since yesterday evening. Shilluk militia forces of General Johnson Olony joined by forces from the SPLM/ SPLA –IO, attacked areas held by Government forces in and around Malakal.

The IGAD Mediation is deeply frustrated by the spread of violence to Upper Nile and strongly condemns this serious violation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CoHA) by SPLM/SPLA-IO and its allied forces and urges the warring Parties to immediately end the killings and all hostilities ravaging the country.

The IGAD Special Envoys again urge the warring Parties to adhere to the commitment they made in the eyes of their people and the international community, and resort to peaceful way of ending the crisis without further delay. ##

15 May 2015, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia-  According to reports filed by the IGAD Monitoring and Verification Team-MVT, United Nations agencies and humanitarian organizations on ground, Government forces have been conducting full-scale military offensive against opposition forces in Rubkona, Mayom, Guit, Koch and Mayendit counties in Unity State since 27 April 2015.

It is also increasingly clear that the offensive is being expanded into Jonglei and Upper Nile States. At this critical moment, IGAD Mediators remind the warring Parties of their obligation to honor the COHA and Implementation Matrix that they signed on 23rd January 2014 and November 2014 respectively.

My dear brothers and sisters, the people of South Sudan,

On February 1st of this year, President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar agreed to a plan to conclude negotiations on the formation of a transitional government of national unity and begin a process of healing and reconciliation in your country.  My colleagues, theLeaders of the IGAD Member States, and myself, were hopeful that this moment signaled the nearing of the end of the terrible tragedy that has befallen South Sudan since December 15th , 2013.

President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar agreed that they would come to an agreement by March 5th.  That deadline has been missed.  Talks continued this morning, past the deadline. I regret to inform you that the talks did not produce the necessary breakthrough.

The consequences of inaction are the continued suffering of you, the people of South Sudan, and the prolonging of a senseless war in your country.  This is unacceptable, both morally and politically.  On behalf of the people of Ethiopia, and the people of the entire IGAD region, we stand with you at this difficult and disappointing time: we remain hopeful that the promise of peace will be fulfilled in the near future.

My dear brothers and sisters, the people of South Sudan,

Leadership is never easy, but continuing a war flagrantly disregards the interests of you, the people.  It is an abdication of the most sacred duty leaders have to you, their people: to deliver peace, prosperity and stability.

Both President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar have assured the Leaders of the IGAD Member States that they are committed to peace.  At the same time, there are individuals on both sides who continue to beat the drums of war.  This cannot be right.  There can be no justification for the continuation of this conflict.  The war must end now.

On March 3rd , I urged President Kiir and Dr. Machar to make the necessary and difficult compromises to move out of this crisis.  I asked them to be courageous in offering compromises and alternatives, rather than only reiterating old positions.  Both regional and world leaders joined this call. Unfortunately, as the missed deadline shows, our pleas have not been heeded.

IGAD has tried to mediate the crisis as best it can, but we must acknowledge that our efforts have not yet produced the necessary results.  Our efforts cannot continue unaltered and expect a different outcome; the peace process must be reinvigorated and reformed.  In the coming days, I will consult with my colleagues, the IGAD leaders, partners and friends in the region, on the continent, and beyond to agree a common plan of action.

 My dear brothers and sisters, the people of South Sudan,

Together, we will hold the Parties to their commitment to form a transitional government by July of this year.  To achieve that goal, IGAD, joined by the friends of South Sudan from Africa and abroad, intends to implement a common plan and table a reasonable and comprehensive solution to end the crisis in South Sudan.

While the Parties may see the peace talks as a process that can continue indefinitely, you, the people of South Sudan, including the millions directly affected by the conflict, know that peace is needed, and is needed now.

At the highest level, the world must speak with one voice on South Sudan.  We will assist the Parties to make the compromises that have so far eluded them.  We will use all influence at our disposal to convince those that remain intransigent.  And we willensure that the voices of the silent majority of South Sudanese prevail: peace, reform and justice.

We ask you, the people, to refuse to support those who militate for war, destruction and killing.  We want you, the people, to be unequivocal with your leaders: choose reconciliation and not injustice; choose dialogue and not rigidity.  Choose peace and not conflict.

My dear brothers and sisters, do not lose hope.  The region, and the world, stands with you.  Peace is our only priority.  Peace will be achieved.  You, the people of South Sudan, need and deserve no less.

This afternoon, in the presence of Ato Hailemariam Dessalegn, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairperson of the IGAD Assembly, President of the Republic of South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit and Leader of the SPLM/A (In Opposition) Dr. Riek Machar resumed face-to-face talks on the outstanding issues of the mediation agenda as per the 1 February 2015 Working Document. Amongst the critical issues are the structure of the executive of the Transitional Government of National Unity, the power sharing ratios, the composition of the National Assembly and transitional security arrangements.  

Cognizant of the commitment of the Parties to conclude a final agreement by 5 March 2015, the IGAD Special Envoys for South Sudan call on the Parties to accelerate their efforts to reach a final agreement.  The IGAD Special Envoys also appeal to the IGAD Heads of State and Government, the United Nations, the African Union and the broader international community to join the call of the IGAD Special Envoys. 

Attachments:
Download this file (HMD remarks 3 March.pdf)HMD remarks 3 March.pdf[ ]48 kB

Today, we begin the final session of negotiations for the IGAD-mediated South Sudan peace talks.  This is the final opportunity to make progress, and usher in a new era of peace in South Sudan.  We must not fail. 

After months of negotiations, you are all well aware of what must be achieved now.  Genuine compromise and dialogue must take place.  The agreed March 5 deadline to conclude negotiations must be respected, so that the Pre-Transitional Period can begin on April 1, and the Transitional Government of National Unity formed no later than July 9 of this year. 

We, the IGAD Special Envoys, call on the warring Parties to ensure that the meeting of the two Principals, as agreed on February 1, occurs without further delay. This is the commitment that was made by the two Principals on February 1, and it is the expectation of the people of South Sudan, the IGAD region, Africa and the international community at large that this commitment will be fully honoured.   

Excellencies, 

Ladies and Gentlemen, 

I must repeat my distress, and that of my colleagues the Special Envoys, that violations of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement have continued after the February 1 Agreement.  MVM verified reports on breaches of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement will be forwarded to the chairperson of  IGAD, and to the African Union and the United Nations, as per the terms of the February 1 Agreement. The whole world is watching the conflict in South Sudan, and we call on IGAD, the AU, the UN and all international partners to join us in calling for an end to the conflict, now.  Let me also take this opportunity to thank our partners and the friends of South Sudan

for their unrelenting support for the efforts of IGAD and the mediation. 

Excellencies, 

Ladies and Gentlemen, 

Thematic committees on transitional security arrangements; economy, justice and humanitarian affairs; and the leadership and governance committee will resume work tomorrow.  These committees must be serious and make real progress.  Much work has been done to close the gap between the positions of the negotiating parties.  We hope the committees will be able to complete their tasks and finalize the harmonization of all of the thematic areas.  We stand ready to help you in whatever way we can.   

I have said many times that the people of South Sudan deserve peace, and that enough suffering has taken place. History will harshly judge all of us if we fail now to assume our respective responsibilities as leaders.  March 5 is less than two weeks away, so we must work swiftly and effectively.  Let us not disappoint the people of South Sudan any longer.  Let us conclude a comprehensive agreement without further delay.  I thank you. 

(IGAD - Addis Ababa) The IGAD Special Envoys for South Sudan strongly condemn reports of heavy fighting in Nassir, Upper Nile State, and near Bentiu, Unity State, South Sudan.

The IGAD Special Envoys implore the warring parties to demonstrate restraint and immediately cease hostilities, in line with their repeated pledges to end the war.  On November 7, 2014, at the 28th Extra-Ordinary Summit of the IGAD Heads of State and Government, the warring parties committed to an unconditional, complete and immediate end to all hostilities.  It is the clear expectation, and plea of the IGAD Special Envoys, that this commitment is fully respected. 

IGAD Monitoring and Verification Teams have been instructed to investigate these latest incidents and determine responsibility for the violations.  

At the start of this New Year, the IGAD Special Envoys urge the warring parties to make the gift of peace to the people of South Sudan, and ensure that the conflict does not continue for one moment longer.

The IGAD Special Envoys renew their call to the IGAD Heads of State and Government, the African Union, the United Nations, the Troika, the European Union, the People’s Republic of China and the broader international community to join them in pressuring the parties to immediately end hostilities and commit to the ongoing peace process. ##

For further information, please contact:

Mr. Hailemicheal Gebreselassie | Communications Officer | Office of the IGAD Special Envoys for South Sudan | E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.| Tel: +251.924.909.948

 

Amb. Seyoum Mesfin Remarks on South Sudan

My dear brothers and sisters, the people of South Sudan:

A year has passed since the terrible conflict in South Sudan consumed our region’s, and the world’s, newest country.  It is tragic that the suffering and pain that the South Sudanese people have known for decades endures today, despite South Sudan’s entry into the community of independent nations.

29 September- In a bid to find a lasting solution to the political crisis in South Sudan, the Sixth Session of Phase II of the IGAD-led multi-stakeholder roundtable peace talks continue in Bahirdar, the capital of Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia. 

The fifth session of IGAD-led Multi-stakeholder roundtable Peace Talks for South Sudan that was initially scheduled to commence on 30 July 2014 resumed on 4 August 2014 in Addis Ababa. The session’s key agenda will be to finalize and sign the Cessation of Hostilities Matrix and negotiations on details of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU). 

The IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government held its 26th Extra-Ordinary Summit on the 10th of June 2014 at the National Palace in Addis Ababa, under the Chairmanship of H.E. Hailemariam Dessalegn, the Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and current Chairperson of the IGAD Assembly, to discuss the situation in the Republic of South Sudan.

A multi-stakeholder symposium to initiate an inclusive phase of the South Sudan peace process that was held on 6-7 June 2014 at the UNECA premises in Addis Ababa was concluded successfully.  More than 250 South Sudanese representing the government, the opposition, political parties, faith-based groups and civil society organizations participated in the event.

H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Government of the Republic of South Sudan and Dr. Riek Machar, Former Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan and leader of the SPLM/A (In opposition), met in Addis Ababa today and signed a landmark agreement to immediately end the conflict in the country.